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国际比较文学:2020,3(1):31-51
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侨易视域里的精英个体及其文明体“载像”——以卡内蒂与卡夫卡所表现的“犹太之奥”与“犹太之华”为例
(同济大学)
Elite Individuals as Representatives of Civilization in the Perspective of Qiaoyiology: Elias Canetti's and Franz Kafka's “Jewish Austria” and “Jewish China”
(Tongji University)
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投稿时间:2019-10-14    修订日期:2019-11-24
中文摘要: 本文以两位奥国作家卡夫卡、卡内蒂为个案,考察日耳曼文学史中的流易现象,即精英个体与文明体侨易之间如何互相作用。首先通过卡夫卡、卡内蒂两人在奥匈帝国的成长生活经历,揭示出奥匈帝国多重文化交错互融的复杂性,同时突出卡内蒂丰富的跨文化经验,分析其地理位移的“链性”及“间续”与文化交易之间的复杂关系。其次,作者认为二卡氏借助抽象书本知识的帮助,完成了“中国精神之旅”的变创,形成了“犹太之华”的虚拟想象,并反过来使他们努力追求中国精神的“高简”原则。通过对这两个个案的考察,作者令人看到精英个体与文明体侨易之间“前者经由后者而规训与成长,后者则通过前者来展现和发展”的相互关系,确认了精英个体的“个体载共”意义,同时展现了奥国、犹太与中国通过精英个体的精神漫游所形成的复杂文化关系。
中文关键词: 卡内蒂;卡夫卡;文学史;犹太;侨易学
Abstract:In this paper, two Austrian writers, Franz Kafka and Elias Canetti, are taken as examples to investigate the phenomenon of flow and change in the history of German literature, focusing on interactions between elite individuals within civilizations. Firstly, examining the life experiences of Kafka and Canetti in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the paper reveals the complexity of the Empire's multi-cultural integration, highlights the rich cross-cultural experience of Canetti, and analyzes the "chain" of its geographical displacement and the complex relationship between "continuity" and cultural transactions. Secondly, with the help of abstract knowledge from the author's books, this article argues that Kafka's and Canetti's styles complete the transformation and creation of the "journey of Chinese spirit," form the virtual imagination of "Jewish China," and in turn make them strive to pursue the Chinese principle of "high simplicity." Through the investigation of these two cases, we can see that the relationship between elite individuals and the Qiaoyiing process of civilizations is "the former through the latter to discipline and grow, the latter through the former to show and develop," which confirms the significance of "individual sharing" of elite individuals, and shows the complex cultural relationship formed by the spiritual roaming of elite individuals between Austria, Judea, and China.
keywords: Elias Canetti;Franz Kafka;literary history;Jew;Qiaoyiology
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叶隽 同济大学 yejun54321@126.com 
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YE Jun Tongji University yejun54321@126.com 
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