Volume 3 Issue 3
Mar.  2021
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YE Shuxian. Material Evidence Priority: Quadruple Evidence Method and the “Jade-Making China Trilogy”[J]. International Comparative Literature, 2020, 3(3): 415-437. doi: 10.19857/j.cnki.ICL.20203301
Citation: YE Shuxian. Material Evidence Priority: Quadruple Evidence Method and the “Jade-Making China Trilogy”[J]. International Comparative Literature, 2020, 3(3): 415-437. doi: 10.19857/j.cnki.ICL.20203301

Material Evidence Priority: Quadruple Evidence Method and the “Jade-Making China Trilogy”

doi: 10.19857/j.cnki.ICL.20203301
  • Received Date: 2020-04-28
  • Rev Recd Date: 2020-07-10
  • Publish Date: 2021-03-09
  • The school of literary anthropology, an outstanding representative of interdisciplinary research in Chinese comparative literature, has designed and completed three major scientific research projects in the past ten years, which are simply summarized as the "Jade-Making China Trilogy," comprising "Mythological Research on the Origin of Chinese Civilization" (2015), "Jade Myth Belief and Huaxia Spirit" (2019) and "Xuanyu Era:Five Thousand Years of China's New Verification" (2020). The quadruple evidence method, the first interdisciplinary research methodology paradigm proposed by the literary anthropology school in 2005, summarizes the exploration direction and research strategy so far-that is, the principle of "material evidence first." This means that domestic scholars of literature, history, and philosophy finally have the conditions to get rid of the millennium bottleneck of literary knowledge, and truly implement the cognitive goals of "five thousand years of China" and even "ten thousand years of China." This article demonstrates the operation of the new methodology of the literary anthropology school by combing and reviewing the process of the "Jade-Making China Trilogy," successively published since 2015:employing the handed-down literary materials as primary evidence, and the newly unearthed textual sources such as Oracle Bone and Bronze Inscriptions as secondary evidence, oral culture, ritual performance, and other anthropological special research resources as the third evidence, and archaeological excavated sites, cultural relics, and images as the fourth evidence. Based on the three-dimensional research experience of the quadruple evidence method, the school proposed the new concept of the "Big Tradition" in 2010, especially referring to the cultural tradition in the era of no text. The project of exploring the problem of the cultural tradition without words leads researchers to jump out of the traditional literature-based research formula, regard the writing tradition as a minor tradition, and theorize the goal of in-depth interpretation of literature and culture, which is the innovative road from the research of written text to the overall understanding constructed by "cultural texts."
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