ZHANG Wei. Nietzsche's Revaluation of the “Homeric Question”—How “Philosophy has become what Philology was”[J]. International Comparative Literature, 2018, 1(1): 32-47.
Citation: ZHANG Wei. Nietzsche's Revaluation of the “Homeric Question”—How “Philosophy has become what Philology was”[J]. International Comparative Literature, 2018, 1(1): 32-47.

Nietzsche's Revaluation of the “Homeric Question”—How “Philosophy has become what Philology was”

  • Received Date: 2017-11-19
  • Rev Recd Date: 2018-02-27
  • Ever since the foundation of modern "classical scholarship" in late 18th century Germany, there has been a tension between classical philology and philosophy, and this tension was increased by the young philologist Friedrich Nietzsche to an alarming degree, which still compels us to re-think the relationship between the two. Nietzsche's revaluation of the "Homeric Question" is a typical case to show the limits of both "historicism" and "humanism," and how the tension between classical philology and philosophy is inherent in their different approaches to the "Homeric Question." Going behind the "philosophical motives" and the "value judgments" of both "historicism" and "humanism," Nietzsche discovers a vibrant and creative pre-Homeric world, and demonstrates the process by which the spirit of "destructive conflict" is transformed into that of "constructive contest" in Homer. Nietzsche's revaluation of the "Homeric Question" can therefore be seen as a prime example to resolve the tension between classical philology and philosophy.
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