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艾米莉·狄金森的道之枢轴(英文)

汤姆·佩特森

汤姆·佩特森. 艾米莉·狄金森的道之枢轴(英文)[J]. 国际比较文学, 2019, 2(2): 224-245.
引用本文: 汤姆·佩特森. 艾米莉·狄金森的道之枢轴(英文)[J]. 国际比较文学, 2019, 2(2): 224-245.
Tom Patterson. Emily Dickinson’s Pivot of the Dao[J]. International Comparative Literature, 2019, 2(2): 224-245.
Citation: Tom Patterson. Emily Dickinson’s Pivot of the Dao[J]. International Comparative Literature, 2019, 2(2): 224-245.

艾米莉·狄金森的道之枢轴(英文)

Emily Dickinson’s Pivot of the Dao

  • 摘要: 就现今已发表的学界言论而论,越来越多的观点,比如,Kang,Uno,Chen and Patterson,都提倡从中国文化的视角,观察体验狄金森的诗。本文将从道家的视角,揭示狄金森的作品、如何在众多概念性领域内,捕捉到了大量时常相互矛盾的视点。就道家经典《庄子》而论,狄金森的作品之所以能有如此宽广的视野、众多的视角、这只能说明她对知识有着更高的追求。狄金森形象地将自己的广阔的视角称之为“圆周视角”。有人常常将狄金森比作“流离失所,无家可归”,因为她的诗既无中心感、又无整体感,但从道家的角度考虑,这种批评指责恰好变成是一种赞赏。从道家的角度考虑,狄金森的透视主义(或透视观)、正说明揭示其内心的审视怀疑以及同时把握多种观点的能力。根据庄子中所表述的到家观点,这两种观察世间万物的行为恰恰代表着人的更高层次的智慧。就道家而言,每一种不同的视角、与其说是增添矛盾,还不如更精确地说,是在知识旋转的车轮上再加上新的车轴。这就是狄金森常说的圆周视角(或圆周关)。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-12-12
  • 刊出日期:  2021-03-09

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